The critics have a point.
This essay will discuss the last of the steps and then discuss why reading this essay and the ideas contained herein is valuable to an educator today. The four steps to nonviolent campaigning are: In his present circumstance, in Birmingham, and in jail, the entire process has unfolded. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Evidence of 1 injustice is clear, since unjust treatment of African Americans in the court systems is an actuality, and 2 negotiation was attempted, but failed. After the ordeals suffered, including being incarcerated, it was time for direct action. There is no time to wait, and the time to act is now, to make everyone know and understand that it is unjust and immoral to deny equal rights and equal protection under the laws.
King alludes to Augustine and Aquinas, saying that unjust law is not law at all, and such unjust laws are human made, not natural law. Separate was believed to be equal in the courts, until Brown v. Tillich another existentialistKing explainsdefines sin as separation all sin is separation. King then takes the converse and says that separation is sin; all separation is sin, surely not: Segregation is a sin.
Laws should not be used to make difference legal, nor sameness. Belonging to the majority, or any other category should not make a difference, morally, in terms of justice.
Justice requires that all individuals are treated with dignity and respect. The Death of Socrates Education of the youth, especially at the college level, can be a vehicle by which everyone is taught the values necessary to see the immorality of segregation, schools that are separate and unequal, and treating any human being like an object, rather than an end in themselves I-Thou.
Education took King a long way, and gave him the ability to convey his thoughts and ideas in an organized and critical fashion. His reference to Socrates is apt, although Socrates felt compelled to follow the laws.
It is only through direct action, and nonviolent demonstrations to ensure the message is not taintedthat injustices against individuals in society can be overcome.
Education, for everyone, may foster not only a love of justice, but an understanding of why social injustice is intolerable.If you have an appetite for more, you can browse through my letters in response to student philosophy essays from onwards at Electronic Philosopher.
There's also an Electronic Philosopher Index. A letter of concern to Claremont from some 20 professors of philosophy at the associated colleges, for example, says that “we do not understand how a university that touts itself as aiming to provide both depth and breadth in the arts and humanities can carry out its mission absent a philosophy department.”.
maintain for a few hours, tho’ otherwise in the most perfect Health” (Letter No. , ; I omit Smith’s description of a conversation with Hume about Hume’s imaginar y dialogue wit h Char on, whic h I will deal wit h belo w). In his last letter to Smit h, Hume g ave . Congratulations on choosing philosophy as your major.
I hope you will find it a rewarding and life changing field of study. It has certainly been so for me and many of the people with whom I was privileged to go through undergraduate and graduate school.
Whether you decide to go on to take an. This letter, written to an apprentice philosopher, is about bringing what we call into question into reality, and as such is an act of creation through language. When we act in this way, we also find ourselves questioning the worlds of education, aligning them more closely with .
Porphyry A Letter to His Wife Marcella Translated by Alice Zimmern in Porphyry the Philosopher to his Wife Marcella (London: George Redway, ). Changes have been made to the text.